Volume 23, Horticultural Reviews

Education 2 PBS Kids Writers Contest (Grades K-3) TIME for Kids, a non- fiction weekly news magazine for classrooms, is a child-oriented categories: Dramatic Script, Flash Fiction, Humor, Journalism, Personal Essay.

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The first is persuading people that, rather than just a supermarket, Waitrose is a day out. The Salisbury store, refitted in November, is the model. Chris Blows, branch manager, says: Passing the juice bar, we make our way to the kitchen, where the branch has its theatrical centrepiece: The supermarket as day out — with customers who are well-informed, want to know the provenance of their food and demand diversion — will need staff that can do more than swipe items through a till, Blows, a year Waitrose veteran, says.

They will have to have the ability to communicate. What about existing partners? What if intense customer interaction is not for them? There will still be jobs for some, such as shelf-stacking, he says. People may no longer send servants to do the shopping but many expect their shopping to be brought to them. Waitrose has its own online delivery service but what really launched it into internet shopping was its tie-up with Ocado, which it helped start in The relationship between the two has occasionally been tetchy, and Ocado also now does deliveries for Waitrose rival Morrisons.

But the Waitrose-Ocado agreement runs until and, while either side can terminate it in , Price expects it to run its course. John Lewis initially thought that online shopping would help it to sell in the parts of the UK where it did not have a department store. Instead, the company discovered that the presence of a department store boosted its internet business. The department store business has, historically, grown opportunistically, with John Lewis buying shops when owners wanted to sell, leaving significant gaps. The company opened its first John Lewis in Birmingham in September and is only now building a store in Oxford.

To make all this building work, the company needs to attract custom beyond the well-heeled shopper. In Peterborough, the number is 79 per cent. Still, the high cost of running stores is, in the view of some observers, a problem. The Many Context of Leadership. Profiting from the Clash of Ideas. Think Rich Get Rich. How to Manage Yourself. How to Stay Socially Connected. Proven Ways to Get a Raise. Giving Deliberate Feedback for Leaders.

How to Assign Tasks to the Right People. How to Write a Motivating Mission Statement. The Power of the Other Summary. Being a Caring Leader. Essential Lessons on Leadership Collection. Building Success with Business Ethics. Leading Teams with Integrity. How to write a great review. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The title should be at least 4 characters long. Mainstream brands may, as you suggest, be advised to focus on a select number of ethical issue that they know they can deliver well.

Like a natural woman: why taboos about discussing the female body are dying

The right issues to focus on will also depend on the category. For instance, automotive is an inherently polluting industry and so, not surprisingly, initiatives that avoid harming the environment will be most relevant. Food and grocery is dominated by organic and fair-trade claims. Also, to what extent is the growth of ethical branding influenced by law or government policy?

The growth of ethical branding is down to a number of factors, and played out in different ways in different countries. The only thing companies have to be mindful of is that consumers can be radical at the research questionnaire and reactionary at the checkout. Your question does not lend itself to a black and white answer. I think we have to recognise that most companies are in the business of making money. With a few notable exceptions, most companies are looking at the ethical agenda as a business opportunity that, if addressed properly, can have a positive impact.

Indeed, it has been argued that the globalisation of brands has made them more accountable. From a consumer standpoint, you might argue that buying ethical brands is a way of tacking some of problems of globalisation. Brands that have demonstrated a genuine commitment to ethical business and are honest and upfront in their communications, should be rewarded by consumers.

Those brands that do, and are also able to connect with consumers, are likely to succeed. In searching for ethical business principles, how much attention do business leaders apply to the issue of human rights? Many reside at these camps for years, struggling to get even the most basic necessities for their families. So, how can these families go from basic survival to improving their lives and communities? And what can mission-driven organizations do to help?

The Society of Jesus, a religious order within the Catholic Church, is one of these mission-driven organizations trying to find solutions. Its members, known as Jesuits, are especially well known for their focus on education and social justice. Open to people of all faiths, the JC:HEM program mobilizes the resources of the worldwide network of Jesuit and other universities to bring higher education to those who need it most. According to Dr. If we tip this equation in those regions by making higher education accessible, will that lead to a decrease in poverty and a decrease in conflict?

Even though it may take 20 to 30 years, those of us who have worked with these students believe it is possible. Refugee camps are filled with people of different races, ethnicities, and religions. Refugees arrive with little, if anything, and often from opposing warring tribes.

They must find a way to live peacefully, side- by-side, leaving behind old prejudices while wondering about the fate of the homes, families, and friends. In addition, camp life has its own struggles. Basic needs—such as quality sanitation, plentiful food, and safe, potable water—are difficult to meet. Refugees face overwhelming odds, both physically and mentally. In the midst of all this hardship is where JC:HEM has stepped in to provide opportunities for learning that offers these survivors a chance for a brighter future—for themselves and their families.

And it has built a curriculum focused on liberal studies and also on practical skills. The Diploma in Liberal Studies is awarded by Regis University, Denver Colorado, and several different universities award certificate-level programs. This education empowers students to reclaim their sense-of-self and take a leadership role in their communities. Faculty from over 36 universities—primarily from the U. One online class, created specifically to help refugees develop essential leadership skills, uses The Leadership Challenge as the core text.

And currently, professors from U. As students learn leadership principles, they are able to apply them right away as leadership opportunities abound in these refugee camps. Domique, for example, is one individual who has taken a leadership role in his camp. He instructs others on how to prevent the spread of disease through proper use of hand washing and the correct way to obtain fresh, clean water. He encourages those he teaches to educate their families and neighbors Enabling Others to Act to make the camps safer and keep residents healthy.

I feel more helpful in the community because I have something that I can give. Thanks to JC:HEM for assisting me and other refugees with more skills and improving our way of looking at life.

Motivating People to Excellence - Cheryl Ferguson - TEDxWinnipeg

Peter, after completing his leadership course, started volunteering as President of the Dzaleka Sanitation Committee coordinated by the Office of the United Nations Higher Commissioner for Refugees. From increasing access to clean water to ensuring that new toilets were installed, Peter faced many challenges. But in his new role, Peter became a guide for others Modelling the Way to be both a member of a community and a leader. Peter is now employed as a health surveillance assistant at the Dzaleka Health Centre where he helps to immunize children and teach about water and sanitation in the community and camp.

From a workshop that she opened, she makes furniture and sells wood to other carpenters in the camp. She also has taught business skills to other women, to help them create small businesses of their own. Extending beyond the graduates to their families, friends, and community, there was much to celebrate. As the program graduates take on leadership roles in their communities, life there improves.

They find that their newly-gained wisdom is trusted and valued by their peers. Program graduates, who have studied side-by-side with those from different backgrounds, are natural peacemakers. They are invited to help solve inter-religious and inter-ethnic conflicts that emerge.

And their new-found leadership skills and confidence ripple through the community, encouraging more and more people to focus on improving camp life and living peacefully together. JC:HEM students have now received the gift of knowledge and they want to use it to help themselves, their families, their communities. Christine Mulcahy is a freelance writer specializing in education. A graduate of Boston College and NYU, she has 12 years of experience as an educator, editor, and writer.

The program offers a Diploma in Liberal Studies delivered online by volunteer faculty who teach in their subject area; leadership skills are a foundational element. In addition, shorter Community Service Learning Tracks are offered that seek to enhance local vocational education by providing on-site facilitators and online access to faculty expertise and materials. JC:HEM works with a variety of partners and donors, and actively seeks institutional partners involved in accreditation. Recognizing, confronting and overcoming adversity were clearly key sub-themes that were addressed in nearly every breakout session, skill-building session, and the great keynotes.

The Leadership Challenge model and the annual Forums are truly geared toward Enabling Others to Act, not just providing interesting but non-applicable knowledge. Symbolically, New Orleans was a perfect location given what the people there have had to overcome throughout the past few years. No matter how much all of us outsiders think we might know about Katrina, the people of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast have had a much different experience than we can imagine. A remarkable and heartwarming sense of history and pride exists in that city.

The Forum offered a number of terrific learning opportunities. Courage is part of dealing with adversity and it takes courage to confront the unchallengeable norms in a workplace in order to make it better. I always appreciate being exposed to the additive work of other researchers and authors, which is so often a great benefit of attending The Leadership Challenge Forum. The closing activity was an example of experiential learning at its best.

To be in New Orleans and have a jazz ensemble rocking the room would have been grand enough by itself. But along with some great music, we were able to learn some powerful lessons about New Orleans traditions and music, songwriting, and collaboration. It was amazing to watch how the energy level continued to soar and how that energy, along with the lessons learned, was harnessed into an immediate result. We learned, we delivered, and we thoroughly enjoyed. Imagine that combination in your workplace every day! This may be my most important reflection. If there is one value that was immensely modeled at the Forum, it was generosity.

Jim and Barry were very accessible and generous with their time and knowledge. All of the speakers, including the breakout session leaders, were generous in sharing what they know and what they have learned. Master Facilitators looked forward to sharing what they could with attendees who wanted and needed advice and knowledge. And our host, Wiley Publishing, continued to show great generosity in supporting the Masters Give Back program. It is a joy for me to see this value so abundantly displayed. My final reflection is this: The Leadership Challenge community is not just a group of people from around the world who enjoy common work and like to come together to socialize around it once a year.

Rather, it is a well-intentioned, focused community whose members are all deeply committed to the work of leadership development. There is a real power in this community. For years, many of us have seen the impact The Leadership Challenge has had on individual people and organizations of all kinds. And this impact is expanding worldwide, including places like Asia, Africa, and Australia to alliteratively name a few. There are members of the community devoted to helping students become exposed to leadership at earlier ages and, as a result, perhaps changing their futures forever. And consider this…there is Leadership Challenge work being done in the Middle East, which with time and its accumulating, visible results could actually become a factor for future peace and interdependence.

It is a privilege to be part of a community that makes such a difference for so many people. We extend a hearty welcome to all who want to join in on this wild and rewarding adventure. Visit www. For all those familiar with The Leadership Challenge, we know that the most important starting point for values-driven leadership or any leadership, for that matter is to have an awareness of self: the values that guide us as individuals which, ultimately, impact our organizations, our communities, our world. And it is that focus and learning that participants in a recent workshop, sponsored by the Hamilton County Leadership Academy HCLA , experienced in a unique way.

HCLA is a community leadership development program dedicated to helping those in leadership positions continue to develop their capabilities as leaders. Representing a variety of organizations from Hamilton County in Indiana, participants come to the program from various backgrounds—all seeking education and information about the Hamilton County community as well as opportunities to build on their leadership skills. Here, leaders return to the HCLA community to share their experiences, and spend a morning focusing on ways to more fully develop their leadership skills, both personally and professionally.

While this Values-Driven Leadership Workshop, in many settings, may have focused only on organizational values, HCLA has always recognized the importance of individual leaders exploring their own personal values. For example, during the most recent workshop held earlier this year, leaders spent the first several hours exploring personal values with an exercise adapted from the Values Card Sort provided in The Leadership Challenge Values Cards Facilitator Guide.

Leaders identified the personal values that mattered most to them and created definitions for each that would help guide them in their daily leadership. This exploration was both illuminating and reflective. And when participants shared their values with each other, the room was abuzz! To our surprise, this first exercise went more quickly than we had planned—perhaps because these leaders were so committed to the community they were already very in tune to the values that truly mattered to them and were quick to narrow down their values.

As many of us within the TLC community understand, having a leadership philosophy—one that arises from our values—often has more impact than we ever expect. This was the case with attendee Chris Owens, Director of Indiana Parks and Recreation Association, who was surprised that this simple process of exploring personal values and using those to create his leadership philosophy made such an impact. In fact, he was so excited that he posted about his leadership philosophy on Facebook, writing:.

Still needs some polishing, but happy with draft 1. Workshop participants also shared their leadership philosophies with others in the group before being treated to a panel discussion that included executives from Hamilton and nearby Marion counties who told stories and provided insight into the personal values that drive their behavior and actions as leaders, as well as how their organizations use values to positively impact results. During the extreme cold of the Polar Vortex in January, on the coldest night of the year when the wind chill was degrees, a valve broke on one of the liquefied natural gas tanks that provide gas into our system which, of course, is used to heat homes.

And as employees from various divisions gather together to come up with a solution, the values of quality and teamwork were very evident. Each member of the team that night came in during off hours, bringing specific skills to collaborate on a solution that, ultimately, ended with three people climbing to the top of the 80 foot tank in the coldest hour of the coldest day to implement a fix. It was all hands on deck and, in fact, a temporary worker was brought into the conversation because he had an idea for fixing the broken valve based on an observation earlier in the day.

This truly demonstrated the value of teamwork and illustrates the great lengths our employees went to in order to ensure customers had gas to heat their homes. I know it sounds hokey, but we really took it to heart. This means making our clients better, making each other better, making life better for our families, making the technical field better and, finally, making our community better. We live these values out every day through our client training sessions, mentoring, wellness initiatives, technical community involvement and events, and our community involvement plan.

A concrete example is our Pay It Forward Month. We provide a small stipend for each employee and ask them to help others in the community in some small, but meaningful way. Involvement in our community has become ingrained in who we are.

Reward Yourself

I see our people taking it to heart and going above and beyond. Leaders left the session energized about their personal leadership, and eager to help others explore their own personal values and help them make the link to their organizational values. Lisa Wissman of Community Health put it this way:. I have applied what I learned, shared examples from the panel and networked with two new individuals who are assisting me with helping a young engineer build a professional network for his job search. I truly hit the jackpot!

Thank you for creating the opportunity. This most recent Values-Driven Leadership Workshop again confirmed the importance of the contribution that HCLA makes to the community by helping leaders further their development. Hearing stories from panel members, having the space and time to reflect on their own values, and getting an unexpected opportunity to reflect on their leadership philosophies, HCLA participants and alumnae are in an even better position to make a positive impact on the communities in which they live and work.

The Gift of Leadership program, begun in , is not just an annual workshop. It is a cause. Our Gift of Leadership program was held in March, and for two full days ILA and our other collaborative partners hosted a dynamic group of managers and directors from such Greater Cincinnati area nonprofits as The Council on Aging, Girl Scouts, St.

Vincent de Paul, and the Cincinnati Youth Collaborative, among others. The venue was once again provided by our partner, Camp Joy, a nonprofit organization devoted to experiential learning for over 75 years. They generously provided scholarships for the program, and are deeply committed to providing more nonprofit members with ongoing, high - quality leadership development opportunities, such as The Leadership Challenge.

Collectively, we have been working on a vision of making the Cincinnati community better by building up our nonprofit leadership. We have developed a plan and are already in the process of rolling out a strategy to seek ongoing funding from businesses and other donors, to make the gift of The Leadership Challenge the foundation of leadership for area nonprofits. Certified Master Facilitator Valarie Willis is also part of this endeavor. She offers The Leadership Challenge for additional members of this nonprofit community, and has played an important role in developing the strategy for keeping the Gift of Leadership moving forward in Cincinnati.

New friendships were made and participants have begun sharing best practices—already raising their leadership capacity to better serve people in need throughout the Greater Cincinnati community. As one Gift of Leadership participant wrote:. I have made some commitments to myself that I intend to accomplish in the next 30 days that will benefit me and the organization.

Thanks again for thinking of me for this opportunity. Every day, people working with human services agencies must confront circumstances which seem virtually impossible, and often deeply heart wrenching. Their work is hard and tireless, yet their passion and commitment remains unswerving. It is a privilege to be able to contribute to their efforts in some small way. We thank them for their devotion to their work and for accepting the challenge to become better leaders for their organizations and the people they serve. For 25 years, Steve has taught, coached, and consulted with executives and all levels of managers around the world in leadership development, team development, personal growth, change, and business strategy.

Can you share your thoughts on why that is and some examples that illustrate the value of telling stories? Through stories, leaders pass on lessons about shared values and the norms about how people should work together. In a business climate obsessed with PowerPoint presentations, complex graphs and charts, and lengthy reports, storytelling may seem to some like a soft way of getting hard stuff done. Research shows that telling more positive stories than negative stories enables individuals, groups, and organizations to recover more quickly from adversity and trauma.

In fact, research indicates that when leaders want to communicate standards, stories are a much more effective means of communication than are corporate policy statements, data about performance, and even a story plus the data. His dad was a great storyteller, and he used stories especially effectively to teach lessons. Phillip has carried the family tradition into his business life at Goodyear. When Phillip was named to head up a large team with previously poor engagement scores for communication, he needed to find a way to be more proactive about connecting with employees.

He carried the practice with him when he was appointed president of Wingfoot Commercial Tire Systems, a 2,person wholly owned subsidiary of Goodyear. Storytelling, Phillip says, accomplishes two things. It offers a framework for relating to the message—something that people encounter in their own lives that can bridge to the main point.

It also offers him the chance to lead through an example rather than to come across simply as preaching. Telling stories forces you to pay close attention to what your constituents are doing. Peers generally make better role models for what to do at work than famous people or ones several levels up in the hierarchy. When others hear or read a story about someone with whom they can identify, they are much more likely to see themselves doing the same thing. People seldom tire of hearing stories about themselves and the people they know.

These stories get repeated, and the lessons of the stories get spread far and wide. Storytelling is how people pass along lessons from generation to generation, culture to culture. Together with Barry Posner, he is author of The Leadership Challenge —now in its fifth edition—and over a thirty other books and workbooks on leadership and leadership development. Using a proven, evidence-based approach to leadership—in the form of The Leadership Challenge—Presence Health is inspiring its nursing leaders to strengthen partnerships, value contributions, and create innovative solutions that are transforming the culture of the entire organization.

What began in with the merger of two single ministries, Provena Health and Resurrection Health Care, is now a fully integrated health system consisting of five congregations:. Collectively, these congregations represent a unified passion, capturing the essence of the Presence Health name: to be present with others. And it was through this desire for unified connection that Presence Saint Joseph Medical Center wanted to ignite change within its nursing staff.

Presence Saint Joseph had a historical baseline turnover of To achieve this, Jackie began working with her team to create a new leadership initiative: Every Nurse a Leader , a program that would establish a new philosophy and mindset for emerging nurse leaders at the point of care and fundamentally transform the culture long-term. They started by looking for the root cause of the high turnover rate among RNs. What they found was a lack of structure—a framework that could provide guidance for new graduate nurses and help them understand more clearly what it would take to be successful in their work.

They also emphasized developing inter-organizational relationships and holistic teams to focus on the common mission of patient care. At the heart of the Every Nurse a Leader program is a two-year Transition into Practice residency, set up in stages to allow everyone to grow and become a leader within the organization. Focusing on clinical, technical, interpersonal, and leadership skills, each participant is involved in a series of projects and roles throughout their residency. The first LPI is administered during their orientation period, after their cohort begins.

A follow-up assessment is completed at the end of the first year of practice and, again, at the end of the second year—and beyond. Residents in the program Model the Way with hands-on clinical training in a Simulation Lab where they receive real-time feedback on their clinical and critical thinking skills as well as a full debrief to help analyze and reflect on their performance. Taking the challenge one step further, each cohort spends a full day at an outdoor teamwork facility where they learn how to take risks, to overcome fears, and to trust each other as they work as a unified team.

Jackie and her team at Presence Saint Joseph have found that Enabling Others to Act through these collaborations creates a supportive infrastructure that encourages key stakeholders to make a meaningful investment in the process and strengthens engagement and shared decision-making. More experienced Nurse Managers actively participate in interviewing, onboarding, and providing transitional support during the residency period for new RNs. In addition, interdisciplinary partners, including the nursing leadership team and executives, are involved in the Transition into Practice Program through cohort educational sessions.

Presence Saint Joseph has seen an increased commitment to goals and those involved in the program have also reported an increased capacity to attain goals. Every Nurse a Leader has already produced stellar results through six program cohorts. Presence Saint Joseph has decreased its turnover rate for RNs in their first year: down to 9.

The Every Nurse a Leader program at Presence Saint Joseph Medical Center continues to grow and reach more and more aspiring leaders within the organization. We, at Integris Performance Advisors, are proud to have played a part in their success. We congratulate Jackie Medland and her team for leading the charge and showing so clearly what it truly means to liberate the leader within. Helping Integris clients succeed using innovative thinking, delivering meaningful results, and fostering personal growth, he can be reached at KJ. Jenison IntegrisPA. Make sure that people are creatively rewarded for their contributions to the success of your projects.

Write down something that each of your constituents personally enjoys.

Leading Blog: A Leadership Blog

Author and consultant Jennifer Robin has spent years studying, observing, working with—and in—great workplaces. Be ready for some surprises! Learn more about Jennifer Robin at www. While the best leaders are self-aware, they are careful not to let their feelings manage them. Instead, they manage their feelings. Self-control is important. One way to respond would be to yell at them and put them down in front of the group.

But would that be the best way to handle the situation for the sake of your credibility and your relationship with your constituents? The same is true in learning. There will be times when you become frustrated and when you become upset at the feedback that you receive. Upon the retirement of long-time CEO Steve Ballmer, Nadella is only the third chief executive to head the mega-giant founded and led by Bill Gates for so many years.

But in his first email to employees, Nadella clearly set the tone for what is to come. Leadership takes courage: the courage to go first, be open and vulnerable, ask for feedback , speak out on issues of values and conscience, navigate difficult situations and make tough choices. Earning and sustaining personal credibility—the very foundation of exemplary leadership—demands it.

And who better to help us understand how to develop courage than Bill Treasurer, former captain of the U. K eynoting at The Leadership Challenge Forum , Bill will take the stage to engage participants in learning how to become more personally courageous and discover how to inspire more courageous behavior among those we lead. A daredevil athlete who, for seven years, traveled the world performing over high dives from heights that scaled to over feet—sometimes on fire! Department of Veterans Affairs. A high-spirited keynote speaker who has shared his risk-taking experiences and courageous insights with groups across the country, Bill is the author of several books, including the international best-seller Courage Goes to Work , and the off-the-shelf facilitator training program published by Wiley , Courageous Leadership: A Program for Using Courage to Transform the Workplace.

Honesty with yourself and others produces a level of humility that earns you credibility. People like people who show they are human. Admitting mistakes and being open to accepting new ideas and new learning communicates that you are willing to grow. It does something else as well. It promotes a culture of honesty and openness. Hubris is the killer disease in leadership. All evil leaders have been infected with the disease of hubris, becoming bloated with an exaggerated sense of self and pursuing their own sinister ends.

How then to avoid it? Humility is the way to resolve the conflicts and contradictions of leadership. Leadership is also a performing art, and the best leaders also have coaches. The coach might be someone from inside or outside of the organization. This person might be a peer, a manager, a trainer, or someone with specific expertise in what you are trying to learn.

Coaches can play a number of roles. The most obvious is to watch you perform, give you feedback, and offer suggestions for improvement. But effective coaches can also be a very valuable source of social support, which is essential to resilience and persistence. Support is especially important when people are being asked to change their behavior.

When you return to work after training, your initial enthusiasm can be quickly crushed if there is no one around to offer words of encouragement. Every leader needs someone to lean on from time to time. Your coach should be able to offer you not only advice but also attention and caring. The best coaches are good listeners. In fact, they watch and listen about twice as much as they teach and tell.

Many organizations have an honest desire to develop more and better leaders. Yet despite the noblest of intentions many, if not most, also fall short. While some individuals may show improvement, the collective effort either never takes hold or fizzles out after a relatively short time. And as you read along, consider from your experience what the biggest culprits you have found that get in the way of leaders developing to their full potential. There are typically a few other categories, e. Finally, there may be an add-on category about leadership development, frequently embedded somewhere in the self-development objectives.

This, unfortunately, is how too many managers rationalize that they are, in fact, clarifying their expectations around leadership. But the communicated message is clear: make your numbers and, in your spare time, continue to improve yourself and work on becoming a better leader. Everything is a high priority these days. And everyone is expected to meet ever-growing expectations. Otherwise, those development efforts will inevitably slip between the cracks. Assuming the expectation to lead is clearly made, there is a great deal of confusion about what it actually means.

The reason? Because many organizations have not adopted a clear, concise, definable, model of leadership. Despite what some organizational leaders seem to believe—that leadership is an esoteric, philosophical list of academic concepts—a well-grounded leadership model allows everyone, in any position throughout the organization, to know exactly what leadership looks like, what people do when they are leading, and how it differs from other activities. While some competencies are more directly tied to leadership than others, they generally cover broad knowledge areas such as financial acumen, strategic agility, business savvy, and communications.

But having a competency model in place is just a starting point. For example, being competent at people development and having a cross-boundary mindset will no doubt be tremendous assets to rising leaders. However, those descriptors fail to explain what the leader must be doing on a day-to-day basis to fully develop these competencies. With its evidenced-based research and its immediate, hands-on applicability, the model is like an instruction manual for creating higher performing teams, increasing employee engagement, and inspiring people to do their very best work — all key outcomes of leadership.

And with constantly changing circumstances, it must be reinforced time and time again. One ILA client organization has done a remarkable job emphasizing the importance of leadership. Like many, they suffered financially during the downturn. But they weathered the storm and learned an invaluable lesson: in order for them to be a great company—especially in our constantly chaotic, unmanageable world—they would need to have great leaders in every department, at every level of the business.

This meant developing leaders, regardless of title or position, who were willing and able to tackle tough problems, proactively respond to uncontrollable changes, and develop innovative solutions or breakthroughs ideas. They now view leadership development as a key strategy that will help ensure continued prosperity and future success.

Fatal Flaw 4 - the last of the culprits impeding leadership development efforts is the most obvious—and the one receiving the most attention. It is the lack of ongoing follow-through. To ensure that people grow and develop as effective leaders, there must be an intentional, purposeful, and sustained effort that is a key organizational strategy.

It has to be more than an annual self-development objective to read a book or attend a workshop on the subject. It has to be something for which people are held accountable every single day. Many organizations have invested heavily in systems and processes designed to keep people constantly focused on financial or project performance objectives. Formal meetings or casual drop-ins throughout the day focus on project status and problems, new opportunities to increase sales, or innovative steps to overcome obstacles.

But can the same be said about the focus on leadership? Yet, the movement of up and coming leaders or other key talent through the development funnel might be discussed once or twice a year. So in much the same way organizations keep everyone mindful of the importance of financial and operational essentials, it is equally important to help everyone remain mindful of some of the most important aspects of leadership.

In order that strategic leadership development efforts take hold, organizations must be thoughtful and intentional about the systems and support mechanisms needed to reinforce its value. Of course, individuals are still responsible for continuing to learn and practice more effective leadership behaviors. But organizational support is essential. Setting clear expectations about leadership, clearly defining it, establishing context, and providing ongoing support are the fundamentals for a successful organization-wide leadership development process. Holding others accountable means that you hold yourself accountable first.

Take one specific week to work on just this skill. At the end of each day, use your scheduler or your to-do notes to remind yourself of what you did. Create four columns on a page of paper. Understanding your own behavior makes you more aware of opportunities to hold others accountable for adhering to the standards.

Take this activity one step further. Share it with your employees and ask them to repeat the same thing you did. Meet with each of them to learn about their results. Kouzes, Barry Z. What is this leadership? It was the 27 th of December and we were camped under the corrugated roof of a derelict house in the tiny village of Paso Marcos, in the Cartago Province of Costa Rica. Cartago lies in the Central Eastern belt of the country, running from the central mountainous spine toward the Caribbean and the Province of Limon.

For this adventure, I had put together a team of four people including Urbano and myself, Martin Veregas, a local farmer, and Henrietta Stavely from England. At this time, our team had trekked kilometres through rain and cloud forest, crossing the Talamanca mountains at an altitude of 3, metres whilst often staying in Cabecar settlements and hunting camps along the way. As the rain beat a thunderous rhythm, I explored with Urbano the values and concepts at the core of the Cabecar, a population of around 20, whose culture has remained little changed for years. Despite knowing Urbano for a decade, I had made assumptions about Cabecar leadership that my friend quickly dispelled.

He explained that there was no word for leadership in the Cabecar language, and no word for love either. This described the relationship between Caciques chiefs and their communities, husbands and wives, as well as parents and children alike. The more we chatted, it became clear that there was little, if any, conceptual understanding of leadership and I became even more intrigued. Every spare moment for the rest of the trip Urbano and I discussed the values and structure of the Cabecar. Loading my gear onto the horse Urbano and Jami had brought, we were soon striding through the rainforest on the way to the area of the Pacuare Valley in which the Jameikari community live.

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Soon we were sitting by his palenque [1] , discussing the days ahead that were to include my real first-hand introduction to important aspects of Cabecar traditions. The next day passed quickly as I attended a community gathering before packing the few things I was allowed to take with me for my tribal initiation. In order to understand the fabric of the Cabecar culture, I had asked to experience elements of the initiation that teenage boys complete for a month at a time as part of their transition to manhood.

This tradition centres on living in the forest, within clearly defined rules, whilst being guided by a mentor. Urbano would be my mentor for my truncated initiation. The only food we could bring was coffee and bananas and I must leave all modern conveniences and pleasures behind, even books. In fact, I had to be given express permission to bring a mosquito net as I had contracted malaria on a previous trip. Urbano showed me places special to his father and the Jameikari and began to explain the traditions, beliefs and structures that have supported the Cabecar over the centuries.

It was during this walk that he introduced me to the core values of Madre Tierra, fuego, agua y ninos Mother Earth, fire, water, and children. And later on, whenever I asked any Cabecar about the valores of the Cabecar, everyone gave me the same answer, whether child or elder. During this time, I was taught to hunt and fish, and to identify edible and medicinal plants and fruits--important technical skills but seen as secondary to understanding the relationship of self and the Cabecar to the forest.

Through the blackness of night, we sang Cabecar songs to the forest around us and I was strongly encouraged to reflect upon my identity, my relationship with the forest and the ecological web that wound through it and what that relationship might be in the future. Although highly rational and non-spiritual by nature, I found the process deeply affecting and effective in bringing clarity around my motives and values. While my mentoring during this brief initiation may have been informal and unstructured, I reached a profound understanding that I believe other forms of inquiry could not have delivered.

It was a gentle but lively affair with dustbins full of fermented banana or maize alcohol, called chicha , being consumed. Finally, after some very ragged dancing and singing, virtually every man was asleep around the fire in the large palenque. The next morning I began my interviews with members of the Jameikari and two neighbouring communities. By way of example, she shared the story of the Cabecar of the Peje Valley.

When considering whether to accept a government offer to provide electricity within their reserve, the community asked the children and young adults to make the decision as they would be the ones who would be living with the consequences. In the end, they asked for a pylon line to be run to the school but no further, explaining that if they were to treat this resource as infinite then they might treat their environment and its resources in the same way, leading to erosion in the natural web of which they are part. This sense of sustainability and clarity of understanding remains an exceptional example of Inspiring a Shared Vision in practice.

The Cabecar vision is informed by their values and the more I spoke with members of the community, the more compelling these values became. Mother Earth , for example, represents the environment in which the Cabecar operate and the requirement for sustainability. Fire is both security and comfort, while Water is the element that connects all communities and the ecosystem of which they are part. Children are central to all aspects of Cabecar life, making succession planning of paramount importance.

Every Cabecar I met intuitively Modelled the Way , a discipline that has been shaped by the forest as much as by the tribe itself. And I found a concentrated effort in each community to develop every person within it through individual and group coaching and by encouraging learning through a sense of exploration, adventure, and experimentation—fully embracing Challenging the Process, Enabling Others to Act, and Encouraging the Heart.

For the Cabecar people, there is no need for the use of terms such as leadership or followership as these behaviours are the responsibility of all Cabecar, not just their Caciques. Not just within, and between the communities and clans but also to other indigenous people , Ticos [2] , Siboh [3] and the environment. Leaders teach and show but do not dictate. They create frameworks for learning through experimentation. They encourage children and adults alike to make their own decisions and understand the nature of responsibility but they are always there as the final safety net and to dispense wisdom when asked.

There are no Cabecar words for leadership or love. Justin Featherstone MC, FRGS, delivers leadership development programmes, leads expeditions to the mountains, rainforests and whitewater rivers of the world and is an occasional academic lecturer, documentary presenter, and public speaker. He can be reached at denaliuk yahoo. One of the reasons the best leaders are highly self-aware is that they ask for feedback from others.


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They want to know the negative as well as the positive. But that also explains why being able to manage your emotions is so important. The more specific you can be with your request, the more likely that others will have something to share with you. When people are learning, others tend to be very forgiving. Then say thanks. Behavior change is one of the most difficult and challenging endeavors any of us ever takes on, yet this is precisely what the Technology Group of an international oilfield services company has accomplished.

Realizing the importance of effective leadership behavior in affecting performance, the company engaged Leadership Mechanics to work with the Technology Group and implement a month-long development strategy—using The Leadership Challenge as a foundation. Beginning with all those at the director level, we eventually engaged managers, supervisors, and high potentials as well. Using these baseline LPI indications, each participant in the program then set about developing specific actions and personal development plans that would guide them in improving their effectiveness as leaders.

At the month mark, positive results were achieved in each of The Five Practices—between 10 to 20 percent! Elevated leadership levels have been documented within the entire group, which has inspired them to begin working toward a complete leadership culture change. In addition to continuing to develop current and future leaders, the group is now using The Leadership Challenge with individual contributors.

The goal is to begin to develop a common leadership language that will, ultimately, create a better communication bridge between leaders and their teams. And because frontline employees know and understand The Leadership Challenge, at least at a basic level, leaders will be able to make an even bigger impact. Plus, these individual contributors are learning how they, too, can develop their own leadership thumbprint.

An experienced and results—oriented speaker and coach whose corporate career has included positions with Southwest Airlines and The Tom Peters Company, he can be reached at www. Exemplary leaders and exemplary learners create a system that enables them to monitor and measure progress on a regular basis. The best measurement systems are ones that are visible and instant—like the speedometer on your dashboard or the watch on your wrist.

The best measurement systems are also ones that you can check yourself, without having to wait for someone else to tell you. For instance, you can count how many thank-you notes you send out by keeping a log. A self-monitoring system can include asking for feedback. Another way to monitor your progress is to repeat the administration of the Leadership Practices Inventory at least once a year, and preferably every six to nine months.

The horrific terrorist attacks of September 11, may have occurred 12 years ago, but the memory of those events remain emblazoned on our minds and hearts to this day. Welcoming over , visitors annually, these dedicated volunteers contribute hundreds of hours of their time and their deepest emotions to fulfill the mission of the organization:. To support victims of terrorism through communication, representation and peer support… to unite the September 11th community, present evolving issues, and share resources for long-term recovery. Just this year, on October 21st, members of the Loeb Consulting Group were honored to have an opportunity to dedicate our time and resources to lead their management team through a customized half-day introduction to The Leadership Challenge and experience, first-hand, the spirit and passion of this group of dedicated professionals.

As they discussed the courage and dedication it requires for the team to come to work and contribute with enthusiasm each and every day at this special place, Lee asked Natalie to choose one of the stones for herself. Honored and grateful, she chose a rough stone with a crack as a memento of her first visit. It reminds her that life is not perfect; yet, at the same time, it is beautiful. He made the experience special with his gift. Unlike many other organizations Loeb Consulting Group works with, the September 11th Families Association confronts challenges that are unique.

And the emotions they confront almost daily are far more dramatic than what we would typically deal with in a more traditional for-profit or non-profit environment. In addition to volunteers, the September 11th Families Association itself enjoys great stability among its employees with an average tenure of five years. With COO Gordon Loeb as co-facilitator for this event, participants wasted no time in sharing personal stories of those who had significantly influenced their careers and lives. For example, the awareness of how their daily interactions impact others, in some cases for years to come, was immediately realized.

As the program progressed and participants explored how to live out the Practices, they consistently, either obviously or subtly, referred back to the essential principles of Encourage the Heart. We also employed the Leadership Practices Inventory LPI with the group and, true to form, they quite naturally received feedback in the appropriate spirit—as a gift. Without defensiveness, there was an openness to address the feedback they were given and a real commitment to leverage their strengths in order to improve their effectiveness as leaders and to help develop the leadership capacity of their volunteers as well.

As is always the case, the power of The Leadership Challenge to help the September 11th Families Association increase its capacity to serve is just beginning. We are excited to be part of this journey. Doug Mayblum is a consultant with Loeb Consulting Group, LLC, a management and leadership development company dedicated to cultivating high potentials in law firms, businesses, and student and community leadership. For more information, visit www. To be the best you can be, you must not only apply what you learn on the playing field, but you must also hone your skills on the practice field.

We know this is true in the performing arts and in sports, but somehow people do not always apply the same idea to leadership. Professional leaders take practice seriously. The practice may be role playing a negotiation, rehearsing a speech, or a one-on-one dialogue with a coach. Whatever it is, practice is essential to learning. Practice fields also offer the opportunity to try out unfamiliar methods, behaviors, and tools in a safer environment than on-the-job situations. You are more likely to take risks when you feel safe than when you feel highly vulnerable.

Since the stakes are higher on the job than on the practice field, give yourself the chance to run some plays in practice before rushing into the game. What went poorly? What did I do poorly? Take advantage of that fact. You can get to that mutual understanding only through conversation and dialogue. You have to start engaging others in a collective dialogue about the future, not delivering a monologue.

To become an exemplary leader, you must develop a deep appreciation of the collective hopes, dreams, and aspirations of your constituents. Leaders who are clearly interested only in their own agendas, their own advancement, and their own wellbeing will not be followed willingly. You have to reach out and attend to others, be present with them, and listen to them. We know from our research that when leaders seek consensus around shared values, constituents are more positive.

During the four years of my undergraduate studies, I worked on annual festivals of minute plays written by students in the Introduction to Playwriting classes. The festival was the culmination of three months of writing, and the students were responsible for rewriting and revising their plays over the course of the week leading up to the festival.

We had limited human resources, so everyone had multiple jobs: while students perfected their own scripts, they were also acting in, directing, and script managing the plays of their peers. Everyone was forced to work for not only the success of the play they had written but the success of every other play that would be performed during the festival.

The success of the festival as a whole became the shared vision of each group of students. I loved the energy of collaboratively creating with other artists to bring together one final product. Each year, the students left the class and the festival feeling bonded—and with a thirst to work in a collaborative context again. The festival was a microcosm of what it is like working on a major theatre production. Working in theatre is all about the shared vision of the end result: the success of the play as a whole. In working on these minute play festivals and other theatre projects, I learned a few things about what it looks like to Inspire a Shared Vision in the context of a community.

The success or failure of any piece of theatre never falls on the shoulders of one artist. At the end of the festival every year, each writer, actor, director, and designer went up on stage and bowed together—because everyone was responsible for the finished product. Everyone had staked a claim in the outcome.

To me, Inspiring a Shared Vision implies community, one that breathes and grows to incorporate diverse voices. Working together, failing in a safe place, and leadership from multiple sources binds the community together so that everyone can take ownership of the piece as a whole. When the vision is shared, and everyone is committed to keeping the vision alive, no one person succeeds alone. No one person fails alone. And everyone leads each other. She can be reached at clientcare finepointspro. The quest for leadership is first an inner quest to discover who you are.

Through self-development comes the confidence needed to lead. Self-confidence is really awareness of and faith in your own powers.


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These powers become clear and strong only as you work to identify and develop them. Learning to lead is about discovering what you care about and value. About what inspires you. About what challenges you. About what gives you power and competence. About what encourages you.

A: Thanks so much for sharing news of this research on the relationship of power with fame and promotion. This latest research sheds light on why people in positions of authority can be less empathetic than others. I was also reminded that the more we learn about our brains, the more fascinating this field becomes. My only caution is that having "power over someone" is not the only way to view power. There is other behavioral science research on power that looks at it from the perspective of "feeling powerful" or "feeling powerless.

Other researchers—for example, the late professor of psychology at Harvard, David McClelland—equate feeling powerful with ability and competence. They use the phrase "socialized power" to differentiate it from the "personalized" or "self-serving power. In The Leadership Challenge, when we talk about how exemplary leaders make others feel powerful, we are in no way suggesting that leaders make others feel like they have "power over others" and should use it in self-serving ways.

Rather, we are saying exemplary leaders use their own socialized power to make others feel strong and capable. Thanks for stimulating the brain cells and getting us to think more deeply about words and their meaning…as well as about power! Together with Barry Posner, he is author of The Leadership Challenge —now in its fifth edition—and over a thirty other books and workbooks on leadership and leadership development, including the just-released ebook, Finding the Courage to Lead.

Air Force Captain, and the wife of a U. Marine and volunteer state trooper, part of my vision for life is to continue to find ways to honor and thank the men and women who are currently serving, or have previously served, our country and communities. This eclectic group of men and women included Wounded Warriors injured in the line of duty, active duty Marines about to enter civilian life as well as veteran Marines who have already made the transition, and a gentleman who volunteers his weekends as a law enforcement officer for the Florida Highway Patrol.

Individual LPI reports provided valuable feedback on current leadership behaviors and helped them uncover insights into the steps they could take to improve their effectiveness as leaders. It was personally fulfilling to watch as they realized how their past experiences could assist them in writing the next chapter of their leadership legacy. I was humbled and honored to be part of the leadership journey these brave men and women traveled.

And as much as they benefited, I also came away with a deeper appreciation for the challenges they have encountered and, for many, continue to face. A former consultant with Disney Institute, she is an independent leadership guide and organizational consultant working with clients from the private and government sectors. She can be reached at mcooper EngagingOutcomes. The best leaders are proactive. They take the initiative to find and solve problems and to meet and create challenges.

Instead, they take charge of their own learning. They seek the developmental opportunities they need. My introduction to the culture and spirit of Nigeria came just a year ago when I first met the engaging Oritseweyinmi Jemide. To help him prepare, we shipped a Facilitator Manual to Lagos not an easy feat so that he could complete the required pre-work before making his way to Central Florida and his first experience with The Leadership Challenge. Read More. Leadership in Crisis Gordon Meriwether 50 "There was an unmistakable crack of a firearm Tension and stress: In any crisis, leaders are thrust into a stressful and tense environment that puts them under enormous psychological, mental, and physical strain.

Even the most minor decision made under these circumstances can result in catastrophic impacts. Speed: Everything may initially happen at warp speed, giving little time for thoughtful consideration or consultation. In a crisis, worlds collide and time is the first victim. Personnel: The right people may not be available to respond to the crisis, resulting in untrained and inexperienced leaders being called upon to step into the chaos.