Today, as we enter the fourth generation of attachment study, we have a rich and growing catalogue of behavioral and narrative approaches to measuring attachment from infancy to adulthood. Each of them has roots in the Strange Situation and the secure base concept presented in Patterns of Attachment. Mary D.
Salter Ainsworth, Ph.
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Everett Waters, Ph. Part I: Introduction 1. Procedures 3. Descriptive Account of Behavior in Each Episode 5. Normative Trends across Episodes 6. The Effects of Repetition of the Strange Situation Discussion of Normative Issues See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books.
Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Overview Ethological attachment theory is a landmark of 20th century social and behavioral sciences theory and research.
Attachment Theory (Bowlby)
About the Author Mary D. Mary C. Blehar, Ph. Sally N. Wall, Ph.
Table of Contents Part I: Introduction 1. Show More.
Attachment Theory (Bowlby) - Learning Theories
Average Review. Write a Review. He felt that existing theories on attachment from psychoanalytic and behavioral fields were detached from reality and not up to date, thus he began reading into and corresponding with current researchers in the fields of biology and ethology. These results stand in contrast to classic approaches to attachment which believed that the goal of attachment was the fulfillment of needs, particularly feeding.
Stages of attachment. Preattachment newborn-6 weeks : Newborn infants know to act in such a way that attracts adults, such as crying, smiling, cooing, and making eye contact. Although not attached to their mothers yet, they are soothed by the presence of others. Attachment in making 6 weeks- 6 to 8 months : Infants begins to develop a sense of trust in their mothers, in that they can depend on her in times of need.
They are soothed more quickly by their mother, and smile more often next to her. Clear cut attachment 6 to 8 months- 18 months to 2 years : Attachment is established. The infant prefers his mother over anyone else, and experiences separation anxiety when she leaves. The infant can now understand when his mother is leaving and when she will be coming back.
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In addition, a sense of security has developed, in that even when his mother is not physically there, he knows she is always there for him. Bowlby called this sense of security an internal working model.
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Attachment styles. These results served as the basis for the formulation of attachment styles. Secure attachment — Children who have developed secure attachment feel secure and happy, and are eager to explore their surroundings. They know they could trust their mother to be there for them. Anxious avoidant insecure attachment : Children who have developed an anxious avoidant insecure attachment do not trust their mother to fulfill their needs.
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They are not explorative, and are emotionally distant. Anxious resistant insecure ambivalent attachment — Children who have developed anxious resistant insecure attachment show a mixture of anger and helplessness towards their mother.
A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation, 1st Edition
They acts passively, and feel insecure. Experience has taught them that they cannot rely on their mother. At times she is responsive and at times neglects her child. These children could act depressed, angry, passive, or apathetical.